An OutKast Reader
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An OutKast Reader

Essays on Race, Gender, and the Postmodern South

Edited by Regina N. Bradley

Title Details

Pages: 248

Illustrations: 6 color illustrations

Trim size: 6.000in x 9.000in



Pub Date: 10/01/2021

ISBN: 9-780-8203-6015-7

List Price: $120.95


Pub Date: 10/01/2021

ISBN: 9-780-8203-6013-3

List Price: $30.95


Pub Date: 10/01/2021

ISBN: 9-780-8203-6014-0

List Price: $30.95


Pub Date: 10/01/2021

ISBN: 9-780-8203-6885-6

List Price: $30.95

Subsidies and Partnerships

Published with the generous support of Sarah Mills Hodge Fund

An OutKast Reader

Essays on Race, Gender, and the Postmodern South

Edited by Regina N. Bradley

How OutKast’s unique aesthetic has infl uenced southern cultural signifi ers

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  • Description
  • Reviews
  • Awards
  • Contributors

OutKast, the Atlanta-based hip-hop duo formed in 1992, is one of the most influential musical groups within American popular culture of the past twenty-five years. Through Grammy-winning albums, music videos, feature films, theatrical performances, and fashion, André “André 3000” Benjamin and Antwan “Big Boi” Patton have articulated a vision of postmodern, post–civil rights southern identity that combines the roots of funk, psychedelia, haute couture, R&B, faith and spirituality, and Afrofuturism into a style all its own. This postmodern southern aesthetic, largely promulgated and disseminated by OutKast and its collaborators, is now so prevalent in mainstream American culture (neither Beyoncé Knowles’s “Formation” nor Joss Whedon’s sci-fi /western mashup Firefly could exist without OutKast’s collage aesthetic) that we rarely consider how challenging and experimental it actually is to create a new southern aesthetic.

An OutKast Reader, then, takes the group’s aesthetic as a lens through which readers can understand and explore contemporary issues of Blackness, gender, urbanism, southern aesthetics, and southern studies more generally. Divided into sections on regional influences, gender, and visuality, the essays collectively offer a vision of OutKast as a key shaper of conceptions of the twenty-first-century South, expanding that vision beyond long-held archetypes and cultural signifiers. The volume includes a who’s who of hip-hop studies and African American studies scholarship, including Charlie Braxton, Susana M. Morris, Howard Ramsby II, Reynaldo Anderson, and Ruth Nicole Brown.

An OutKast Reader is a book whose time has come. Regina Bradley has convened an impressive collective of contributors for a intellectual cypher on one of the most important groups hip hop has ever heard. This is a necessary collection, one that gives proper attention to OutKast as artists, as southerners, and as organic intellectuals of the highest order.

—Adam Bradley, author of Book of Rhymes: The Poetics of Hip Hop

This brilliant compilation reminds us yet again of OutKast’s famous statement that 'the South has something to say.' It speaks volumes and is loud and clear in amplifying and clarifying the message and meaning of this legendary group through revealing analysis across this superb body of essays. The thematic threads running through it—Afrofuturism, Atlanta as a Black Mecca and musical epicenter, film, and funk—are quite engaging and do an outstanding job of putting OutKast in critical perspective while explaining the profound cultural impact and significance of the group and why its legacy is exceptional, important, and lasting.

—Riché Richardson, associate professor of African American literature in the Africana Studies and Research Center at Cornell University, author of Emancipation's Daughters


Best Edited Collection, SAMLA

Fredara Hadley

Michelle Hite

Langston C. Wilkins

Melissa Brown

Kaila Story

Birgitta J. Johnson

Charlie Braxton

James E. Ford III

Reynaldo Anderson

Susana M. Morris

Stacey Robinson

Ruth Nicole Brown

Jessica L. Robinson

Tiffany E. Barber

Howard Rambsy

Kenton Rambsy

Joycelyn Wilson

Akil Houston

Timothy Anne Burnside

Rashawn Ray

Wendy Marie (SunAh) Laybourn

Clinton R. Fluker

About the Author/Editor

Regina N. Bradley is Assistant Professor of English and African Diaspora Studies at Kennesaw State University in Kennesaw, GA. Her research interests include southern hip hop, the contemporary Black American South, race and sound studies, and southern studies. She is the author of the forthcoming book Chronicling Stankonia: The Rise of the Hip Hop South (UNC Press). She can be reached at