Anglo-Native Virginia
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Anglo-Native Virginia

Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722

Title Details

Pages: 184

Illustrations: 4 b&w images

Trim size: 6.000in x 9.000in



Pub Date: 10/15/2018

ISBN: 9-780-8203-5466-8

List Price: $27.95


Pub Date: 11/15/2016

ISBN: 9-780-8203-5025-7

List Price: $57.95


Pub Date: 11/15/2016

ISBN: 9-780-8203-5024-0

List Price: $57.95

Subsidies and Partnerships

Published with the generous support of Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

Anglo-Native Virginia

Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722

Indian interaction with Virginia colonists played a central role in the formation of modern Virginia

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The 1646 Treaty of Peace with Necotowance in Virginia fundamentally changed relationships between Native Americans and the English settlers of Virginia. Virginians were unique in their interaction with Native peoples in part because of their tributary system, a practice that became codified with the 1646 Treaty of Peace with the former Powhatan Confederacy. This book traces English establishment of tributary status for its Native allies and the phrasing and concept of foreign Indians for non-allied Natives.

Kristalyn Marie Shefveland examines Anglo-Indian interactions through the conception of Native tributaries to the Virginia colony, with particular emphasis on the colonial and tributary and foreign Native settlements of the Piedmont and southwestern Coastal Plain between 1646 and 1722. Shefveland contends that this region played a central role in the larger narrative of the colonial plantation South and of the Indian experience in the Southeast. The transformation of Virginia from fledgling colony on the outpost of empire to a frontier model of English society was influenced significantly by interactions between the colonizers and Natives.

Many of the powerful families that emerged to dominate Virginia’s history gained their start through Native trade and diplomacy in this transformative period, particularly through the Byrd family, whose members emerged as key figures in trade, slavery, diplomacy, and conversion. By the second half of the seventeenth century, the transformation of Virginia set forth political, economic, racial, and class distinctions that typified the state for the next three centuries.

This slim but potent book begins where, until recently, most histories of Virginia Indians end: with the English defeat of the Powhatans and murder of Opechancanough in 1646. Joining the growing emphasis on Native survival and agency, Shefveland shows how, during the subsequent 75 years, Native peoples played a central role in the transformation of Virginia from struggling outpost to plantation province that made the colony (and a few powerful families) wealthy and powerful.

—D. R. Mandell, CHOICE connect

Kristalyn Marie Shefveland has written a succinct history of Anglo-Native relations in Virginia, focusing on the tributary system, trading routes, Indian slave trade, and, to a lesser extent, conversion in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions during the midcolonial period.

—Arica L. Coleman, Native American and Indigenous Studies

About the Author/Editor

KRISTALYN MARIE SHEFVELAND is an associate professor of history at the University of Southern Indiana. She has been a contributing essayist to Virginia Women: Their Lives and Times (Georgia); The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment; and Beyond Two Worlds: Critical Conversations on Language and Power in Native North America.