Critical Memory

Public Spheres, African American Writing, and Black Fathers and Sons in America

Title Details

Pages: 96

Trim size: 5.000in x 8.500in



Pub Date: 03/19/2001

ISBN: 9-780-8203-2240-7

List Price: $41.95

Critical Memory

Public Spheres, African American Writing, and Black Fathers and Sons in America

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  • Reviews

From the lone outcry of Richard Wright's Black Boy to the chorusing voices of Louis Farrakhan's Million Man March, Critical Memory looks across the past half century to assess the current challenges to African American cultural and intellectual life. As Houston A. Baker recalls his own youth in Louisville, Kentucky, and Washington, D.C., he situates such figures as Ralph Ellison, James Baldwin, Shelby Steele, O. J. Simpson, Chris Rock, and Jesse Jackson within such issues as the embattled state of African American manhood and the "financing and promotion of black intellectuals."

The "memory" of the book's title is doubly "critical." It is imperative, Baker says, that we keep alive the "embarrassing, macabre, and always bizarre" memory of race in America. In another respect, the remembering must be pointed and keen enough to discern truth from its often highly politicized, commercialized trappings. Throughout the book, Baker returns again and again to the triad of race, "likability" (the compromises by which one gains credibility in white America), and "clearance" (the separation of blacks from the "rights, spaces, and privileges of American citizenship"). These concepts, Baker argues, gird the meritocracy, still in force, that claimed progress in granting black men like his father the freedom to work themselves to death behind a desk instead of a mule.

In Critical Memory reason and cool rage converge to expose the draining tasks of reconciling white America's perception of its righteousness with its lack of relish for the truth it claims to welcome from black intellectuals and artists.

In these pages can be found, at least to this psychoanalytical eye, traces of the war within texts of Houston A. Baker Jr., a war that is waged in these and other volumes between differing African American male writers, between past and present, blackness and likability, black men and, silently, black women. When the shooting stops, it seems clear that Baker has set his course quite differently. Ellison and Washington have lost to Wright and King, as the more effective southern spokesmen to and for the black majority's move toward modernity.

—Anne Goodwyn Jones, Southern Literary Journal

About the Author/Editor

HOUSTON A. BAKER JR. is a professor of English at Duke University. Among his honors and achievements in American letters, Baker is a past president of the Modern Language Association. His books include Workings of the Spirit: The Poetics of Afro-American Women's Writing and Black Studies, Rap, and the Academy.